Farmers are increasingly climbing to the sky to control their crops. Technological advances in the agricultural sector meet the growing demand for agricultural automation, digitalization and sustainability. Emerging agricultural trends mark a shift towards intelligent agriculture and the efficient use of time and resources, while reducing crop losses. Smart agriculture is an emerging concept that implements technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), computer vision and artificial intelligence (AI) for agriculture.
Robots and drones are accelerating agricultural automation by replacing manual agricultural operations, such as picking fruits, removing weeds or spraying water. Drone and satellite images, together with the Global Positioning System (GPS), provide a high-resolution, location-specific view of the field. In addition, IoT devices, powered by sensor technology, collect real-time field data that allows farmers to make data-based decisions. In addition, the widespread adoption of precision agriculture and indoor agriculture in recent years is driving the growth of IoT in agriculture.
Taken together, these technological innovations generate disruptive and sustainable changes in agricultural practices. The goal is not only to improve the overall quality and quantity of crops and to improve livestock management, but also to achieve the ultimate goal of a sustainable future. Taken together, or in combination, these trends will have a domino effect that will extend to every corner of the agricultural sector (see the box “Commodities and the Four Trends”). It is imperative that stakeholders take into account trends and potential disruption in their strategic decisions to ensure a more resilient future.
In the next article, we look at the four trends, including a discussion of the scenarios that could affect the development of the trends.